Software Suite

Last Updated: May 18, 2016

The Software Suite is the component of Tethys Platform that provides access to resources and functionality that are commonly required to develop water resources web apps. The primary motivation of creating the Tethys Software Suite was overcome the hurdle associated with selecting a GIS software stack to support spatial capabilities in apps. Some of the more specialized needs for water resources app development arise from the spatial data components of the models that are used in the apps. Distributed hydrologic models, for example, are parameterized using raster or vector layers such as land use maps, digital elevation models, and rainfall intensity grids.

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A majority of the software projects included in the software suite are web GIS projects that can be used to acquire, modify, store, visualize, and analyze spatial data, but Tethys Software Suite also includes other software projects to address computing and visualization needs of water resources web apps. This article will describe the components included in the Tethys Software Suite in terms of the functionality provided by the software.

Spatial Database Storage

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Tethys Software Suite includes the PostgreSQL database with PostGIS, a spatial database extension, to provide spatial data storage capabilities for Tethys web apps. PostGIS adds spatial column types including raster, geometry, and geography. The extension also provides database functions for basic analysis of GIS objects.

To use a PostgreSQL database in your app use the Persistent Stores API. To use a spatially enabled database with PostGIS use the Spatial Persistent Stores API.

Map Publishing

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Tethys Software Suite provides GeoServer for publishing spatial data as web services. GeoServer is used to publish common spatial files such as Shapefiles and GeoTIFFs in web-friendly formats.

To use the map publishing capabilities of GeoServer in your app refer to the GeoServer Docker documentation and use the Spatial Dataset Services API.

Geoprocessing

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52°North Web Processing Service (WPS) is included in Tethys Software Suite as one means for supporting geoprocessing needs in water resources web app development. It can be linked with geoprocessing libraries such as GRASS, Sextante, and ArcGIS® Server for out-of-the-box geoprocessing capabilities.

The PostGIS extension, included in the software suite, can also provide geoprocessing capabilities on data that is stored in a spatially-enabled database. PostGIS includes SQL geoprocessing functions for splicing, dicing, morphing, reclassifying, and collecting/unioning raster and vector types. It also includes functions for vectorizing rasters, clipping rasters with vectors, and running stats on rasters by geometric region.

To use 52°North WPS or other WPS geoprocessing services in your app use the Web Processing Services API.

Visualization

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OpenLayers 3 is a JavaScript web-mapping client library for rendering interactive maps on a web page. It is capable of displaying 2D maps of OGC web services and a myriad of other spatial formats and sources including GeoJSON, KML, GML, TopoJSON, ArcGIS REST, and XYZ.

To use an OpenLayers map in your app use the Map View Gizmo of the Template Gizmos API.

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Google Maps™ provides the ability to render spatial data in a 2D mapping environment similar to OpenLayers, but it only supports displaying data in KML formats and data that are added via JavaScript API. Both maps provide a mechanism for drawing on the map for user input.

To use an OpenLayers map in your app use the Google Map View Gizmo of the Template Gizmos API.

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Plotting capabilities are provided by Highcharts, a JavaScript library created by Highsoft AS. The plots created using Highcharts are interactive with hovering effects, pan and zoom capabilities, and the ability to export the plots as images.

To use an OpenLayers map in your app use the Plot View Gizmo of the Template Gizmos API.

Distributed Computing

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To facilitate the large-scale computing that is often required by water resources applications, Tethys Software Suite leverages the computing management middleware HTCondor. HTCondor is both a resource management and a job scheduling software.

To use the HTCondor and the computing capabilities in your app use the Jobs API and the Compute API.

File Dataset Storage

Tethys Software Suite does not include software for handling flat file storage. However, Tethys SDK provides APIs for working with CKAN and HydroShare to address flat file storage needs. Descriptions of CKAN and HydroShare are provided here for convenience.

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CKAN is an open source data sharing platform that streamlines publishing, sharing, finding, and using data. There is no central CKAN hub or portal, rather data publishers setup their own instance of CKAN to host the data for their organization.

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HydroShare is an online hydrologic model and data sharing portal being developed by CUAHSI. It builds on the sharing capabilities of CUAHSI’s Hydrologic Information System by adding support for sharing models and using social media functionality.

To use a CKAN instance for flat file storage in your app use the Dataset Services API. HydroShare is not fully supported at this time, but when it is you will use the Dataset Services API to access HydroShare resources.

Docker Installation

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Tethys Software Suite uses Docker virtual container system to simplify the installation of some elements. Docker images are created and used to create containers, which are essentially stripped down virtual machines running only the software included in the image. Unlike virtual machines, the Docker containers do not partition the resources of your computer (processors, RAM, storage), but instead run as processes with full access to the resources of the computer.

Three Docker images are provided as part of Tethys Software Suite including:

  • PostgreSQL with PostGIS
  • 52° North WPS
  • GeoServer.

The installation procedure for each software has been encapsulated in a Docker image reducing the installation procedure to three simple steps:

  1. Install Docker
  2. Download the Docker images
  3. Deploy the Docker images as containers

SDK Relationships

Tethys Platform provides a software development kit (SDK) that provides application programming interfaces (APIs) for interacting with each of the software included in teh Software Suite. The appropriate APIs are referenced in each section above, but a summary table of the relationship between the Software Suite and the SDK is provided as a reference.

Software API Functionality
PostgreSQL Persistent Stores API SQL Database Storage
PostGIS Spatial Persistent Stores API Spatial Database Storage and Geoprocessing
GeoServer Spatial Dataset Services API Spatial File Publishing
52° North WPS Web Processing Services API Geoprocessing Services
OpenLayers, Google Maps, HighCharts Template Gizmos API Spatial and Tabular Visualization
HTCondor Compute API and Jobs API Computing and Job Management
CKAN, HydroShare Dataset Services API Flat File Storage

References